WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY IN ST. LOUIS SCHOOL OF MEDICINE PEDIATRICS GI PARENTERAL NUTRITION GI Fluids
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Gastroenterology & Nutrition | Parenteral Nutrition

GI Fluids

Fluid Source Na + K+ H+ Cl- HCO3- Daily volume (cc) Replacement fluid

Saliva 60 26   15 50 1500  
Gastric fluid 65 10 90 100 0 1000-2000 1/2 NS w/ 20 mEq KCl/L
Duodenum 130 5   90 0-10 300-2000  
Bile 130-140 5   100 15 100-800 LR
Pancreas 10-140 5   55-75 70-90 100-800  
Ileum 120-130 2-10   50-100 30-50 100-900 LR
Diarrhea 25-50 35-60   20-40 30-45 Variable Variable
Pleural tube 130 3-5   100 10-20 Variable LR or 5% albumin in NS or LR
Ascites 135 3-5   100 15 Variable LR or 5% albumin in NS or LR


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